Translations:Parker/26/en

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Chronology

Year Event
1888 the company is founded by George S. Parker in Janesville, Wisconsin
1889 George S. Parker begin to make fountain pens
1891 George S. Parker begin a partnership with William F. Palmer
1892 the company is incorporated as The Parker Pen Company
1894 the company patents (nº US-512319) the "Lucky Curve" feeder
1898 the company patents the slip-on cap
1899 the company patents (nº US-622256 and nº US-635700) the Jointless Pen
1900 the company introduces the gold filigree Lucky Curve
1903 Christian Olsen sign an agreement with Parker for their pens distribution
1904 the company introduces a first filling system based on rubber sac squeezing
1905 the company patents (nº US-778997) the spear-head feeder
1906 the company introduces the Emblem Pen
1907 the company introduces the Parker Snake
1909 the company introduces the Red Giant
1909 the company patent the "Jack Knife" cap and introduces the Jack Knife Safety[1]
1910 the company starts local production of Parker pens
1911 the company patents (nº US-990288) an improved Lucky Curve feeder, named spear-head
1913 the company introduces a gold ring at the cap top for women's models
1913 the company introduces the button filler
1914 the company introduces the Black Giant
1916 the company produces the Trench Pen for the U. S. War Department, given to soldiers to write from the front line
1916 the company patents (nº US-1197224) the washer clip
1916 the company introduces the Ivorine
1917 the company retires the Red Giant
1918 Cross became producer for Parker mechanical pencils
1918 the company retires the Trench Pen
1920 the company start producing mechanical pencils
1921 the company retires the Black Giant
1921 the company introduces the Duofold
1922 the company introduces the smaller size models Duofold Jr. and Lady Duofold
1922 the company introduces the models Duofold Deluxe with the metal band at the cap edge
1925 the company introduces the Black-tipped Jade first celluloid models
1925 the company retires the Ivorine
1926 the company converts all production to celluloid, starting from Duofold
1926 the company introduces the Parker Pastels
1927 the company convert Duofold from raised to flush band
1928 the company introduces the True Blue
1928 the company introduces two rings on Duofold cap (three for the the De Luxe)
1928 Parker acquire Osmia for the european production
1929 the company introduces the streamlined version of the Duofold
1929 the company retires the True Blue
1930 the company introduces the vest pocket Duofold
1930 the company introduces the Vest Pocket Duette model
1930 Parker retires from Osmia and the Osmia GmbH is founded
1931 the company introduces the Burgundy Black Duofold
1931 the company introduces the Quink ink
1932 the company introduces sample of the Golden Arrow, the Vacumatic forerunner
1932 the company introduces the Thrift Time
1932 the company introduces the Parco
1933 the company rename the Parco as Parkette
1933 the company introduces the Vacumatic
1933 the company retires the Thrift Time
1934 the company introduces the Challenger
1934 the company restyles the Parkette introducing the De Luxe version
1935 the company introduces the Challenger De Luxe
1935 the company retires the Duofold that no longer appear in the catalogs[2]
1936 the company produces only for this year the Senior for Vacumatic
1936 the company introduces the Golden Web
1937 the company restyles the Challenger (and Challenger De Luxe)
1937 the company retires the Golden Web
1937 the company introduces the Royal Challenger
1937 the company introduces the Speedline Vacumatic
1938 the company introduces the Shadow Wave version of Vacumatic
1939 the company introduces the Duofold Geometric
1939 the company completed the Parker 51 development
1939 the company introduces the Blue Diamond life warranty
1940 the company retires the Vacumatic Burgundy color
1940 the company introduces in South America and the Caribbean
1940 the company introduces the Laidtone Duofold
1940 the company retires the Parkette both normal and De Luxe version
1940 the company retires the Duofold Geometric
1941 the company retires the Challenger
1941 the company introduces the Parker 51 on the global market
1941 the company introduces and then retires the Parkette Zephyr
1941 the company introduces the Vacumatic Maxima with round bottom
1942 the company introduces the War time Vacumatic
1942 the company retires the Shadow Wave Shadow Wave versions of Vacumatic
1942 the company introduces the mention of the Solv-X ingredient for Quink ink
1946 the company introduces the Red band filler on the Parker 51
1947 the company introduces the new 51 arrow clip
1947 the company introduces the Parker 51 Demi
1947 the company introduces the Parker VS
1947 the company retires the Red band filler on the Parker 51
1948 the company turns the 51 to the aerometric filler
1948 the company retires the Laidtone Duofold
1948 the company retires the Vacumatic
1948 the company introduces the Parker 21
1948 the company introduces the Superchrome Ink
1949 the company retires the Parker VS
1949 the company introduces the Parker 51 Flighter version
1950 the company reintroduces the Parkette
1950 the company introduces the Parker 41
1950 the company introduces the Parker 51 Special
1951 the company retires the Parker 41
1951 the company retires the imprinting date code on USA produced Parker 51
1952 the company introduces the 21 Mark II
1953 the company retires stops imprinting date code on the Parker 51 produced outside the USA
1953 the company retires again the Parkette line
1954 the company introduces the Made in USA imprint on Parker 51 cap
1956 the company introduces the Parker 61
1956 the company retires the Superchrome Ink
1956 the company removes references to the Superchrome Ink on the Parker 51 filling system
1957 the Eversharp writing instrument division is sold to Parker
1960 the company introduces the Parker 45
1962 the company introduces the Parker VP
1962 the company introduce 61 second version
1964 the company introduces the Parker 75
1965 the company retires the Parker VP
1965 the company use a section with plastic threads on the 75
1965 the company retires the Parker 21
1968 the company remove the 0 central mark on the 75 ring
1970 the company introduces the Parker T1
1971 the company retires the Parker T1
1972 the company introduces dished ends on the 75
1972 the company retires the Parker 51 (date uncertain[3])
  1. according to what is said in this page.
  2. as reported by Richard Binder on this page who also reports a subsequent production, demonstrated by the presence of a model with a 1938 dating code.
  3. we use the one indicated as official by Richard Binder in this article.